Bio-Inspired Robotic Exoskeletons with Adaptive Electrical Control for Enhanced Upper Extremity Rehabilitation

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Trupti Yadav, Piyush S. Patil, Prashant Jadhav, Vivek Deshpande, Sandeep Shinde, Ashwin S. Chtpalliwar


Robotic exoskeletons are a new and hopeful technology for rehabbing the upper limbs. They offer exact control and adjustable help to make traditional treatment more effective. This study suggests a new way to improve the recovery process that combines bio-inspired design with flexible electrical control. It is based on the way biological systems work. The suggested exoskeleton design is biomimetic, meaning that it looks and works like a human arm. This is done to make sure that the person can move naturally and comfortably. Lightweight, flexible materials make up the exoskeleton, which has sensors that track the user's movements and muscle activity. These monitors send input to the control system in real time, which lets it make changes that are more helpful for the user while they do different recovery routines. The control system uses an adaptable electrical treatment method that is based on how the human body controls its muscles. The control system constantly checks the user's muscle action and changes the amount of electrical stimulation to give the best support and help during recovery exercises. This flexible method makes sure that the exoskeleton's help is tailored to the person using it's wants and skills, which helps them recover more quickly. A bio-inspired robotic suit with adjustable electrical control is tested in a set of tests with healthy people and people who have had a stroke. The data show that the exoskeleton improves therapy for the upper limbs by giving individualized help and encouraging natural movement patterns. The adjustable electrical control makes it a lot easier for the user to do recovery exercises, which leads to better performance and a higher quality of life.

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Author Biography

Trupti Yadav, Piyush S. Patil, Prashant Jadhav, Vivek Deshpande, Sandeep Shinde, Ashwin S. Chtpalliwar

[1]Dr. Trupti Yadav

2Piyush S. Patil

3Dr. Prashant Jadhav

4Dr. Vivek Deshpande

5Dr. Sandeep Shinde

6Dr. Ashwin S. Chtpalliwar


[1]Assistant Professor & HOD, Department of Oncology Physiotherapy, Krishna College of Physiotherapy,Krishna Vishwa Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Karad. Email:

2Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. Email:

3Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rajarambapu Institute of Technology, Islampur, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India. Email:

4Professor, Department of Computer Engineering, Vishwakarma Institute of Information Technology, Pune, Maharashtra, India. Email:

5Associate Professor & HOD, Department of Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Krishna College of Physiotherapy, Krishna Vishwa Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Karad.    Email: 

6Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Corresponding: Piyush S. Patil (



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