Image Segmentation Technology Based on Ant Colony Algorithm

Main Article Content

Xiaoyan Wang, Jianyang Zhang


Image segmentation is a key task in computer vision, with applications ranging from medical diagnosis to autonomous driving. The Ant Colony Algorithm (ACO), modeled after ant foraging behavior, has emerged as a viable segmentation methodology. However, ACO-based segmentation algorithms frequently generate segmented outputs with jagged or uneven boundaries, which reduces their interpretability and usability. To alleviate this problem, they study the use of boundary-smoothing approaches in ACO-based segmentation. In this paper, they investigate image segmentation technology based on the Ant Colony Algorithm, with a focus on border smoothing. They examine the fundamentals of ACO and its application to image segmentation, emphasizing its strengths and limits. They also look at several boundary smoothing strategies, such as morphological operations, edge-preserving filters, and active contours (snakes), and how they affect segmentation performance. Through experimental validation and comparative analysis, they show that boundary smoothing improves the accuracy and visual quality of segmented images produced by ACO-based segmentation algorithms. These results help to design more robust and visually appealing segmentation algorithms, which have potential applications in medical imaging, remote sensing, and industrial automation.

Article Details