IoT based Efficient and Secure Building Architecture with Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP)

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Ritu Dewan, Tapsi Nagpal, Arun Kumar Rana


The Internet of Things (IoT), one of the newest technologies, has great potential for many industry businesses. Smart building technology is one of the biggest IoT industries. IoT is used on a regular basis in many different industries. It is used in a variety of contexts, including physical defense, e-health, smart buildings, grids, cities, homes, asset management, and transportation management. IoT-level, networked smart buildings offer affordable assistance. Comfort, accessibility, security, and energy management are necessary for commercial space.

Naturally, IoT-based solutions can satisfy these requirements. With the depletion of the energy supply and the increase in demand for energy, there has been a growing focus on energy usage and building maintenance. This paper uses emerging IoT technology to demonstrate a smart building design that is both safe and energy-efficient. Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) is a crucial internet transmission protocol that assigns a unique address to every device. Data is transferred using this application layer protocol outside of secure channels. While there are several recommended techniques to protect sensitive data transfer, one likely way to improve the security aspect of CoAP for authentication and end-to-end security is through the use of Datagram Transport Layer Protection (DTLS).This paper propose a smart building design in which the Internet of Things is used to control the operation of all technological components. The simulation results show that compared to the situation of employing Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT), adopting CoAP in a smart building saves energy use by around 34.86%. In order to increase security in a smart building, this article also explains how to include the DTLS protocol inside of CoAPutilising enhancements from the Certificate Authority (CA).Finally, using the ContikiCooja (CC) simulator to simulate system performance and data collecting in terms of latency, throughput, and resource consumption, CoAP is utilized to modify orderer and peer nodes for performance research in smart building.

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