ED-SS based Cognitive Radio (CR) over Various Fading Channels for Modern Wireless Communications

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V. Soni, Y.V. Krishna Reddy, Miguel Villagómez-Galindo, R.Gupta, Vijay Bhuria, Jagadeesh B N


Cognitive Radio (CR) has already been proved to provide the better solution for the problem of spectrum insufficiency in which every wireless system occupies the limited bandwidth spectrum (LBS) allotting to the licensed users. Sometimes, this LBS is empty in a certain place at a certain time that is called as spectrum holes estimated by spectrum sensing (SS). The spectrum sensing is the main technique used in cognitive radio and various spectrum sensing techniques are available in the literature such as: energy detection (ED), matched filter detection (MFD) and cyclo-stationary feature detection (CFD). In the present work, energy detection-spectrum sensing (ED-SS) based cognitive radio system has been implemented which can analyze the energy of the spectrum. The various fading channels such as additive white gaussian noise (AWGN), Rayleigh, and Nakagami have been incorporated in the present work over which the performance of cognitive radio has been analyzed and compared using the ED-SS technique. The experimental results show thatt the detection of the presence of primary user signal using proposed ED-SS technique is easier with low computational complexities in Cognitive Radio (CR) networks. The present work also demonstrates when the performance of proposed ED-SS technique over aforesaid three fading channels are compared, Nakagami-m fading channels exhibits superior improvement in Pd compared to Rayleigh and AWGN fading channels

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