An AQ-SCS Optimization Assisted Optimal Expansion Planning with Fixed and Switchable Capacitors for Distribution System

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Abhilasha Pawar, Rajkumar Viral, Divya Asija, Mohit Bansal


Distribution System has given renewable-based DGs like Solar PV and Wind turbines a lot of attention because of growing worries about global warming and the depletion of fossil fuels. This work proposes a unique hybridized optimization technique for a distribution system expansion plan utilizing an innovative theoretical framework. Two stages are used to tackle the issue with the distribution system expansion plan: master optimization and sub-optimization for every state of the system. The developed Aquila based Sand Cat Swarm (Aq-SCS) optimization method considers the distribution system factors, like DG type, size/capacity, location, PQ power, fixed capacitor, switchable capacitor, and the SPV/wind capacity with load demand uncertainties. The sub-algorithm is employed in conjunction with the DG allocation strategy produced by the master algorithm to deduce the state-dependent operating tactics for each individual DG unit with respect to active and reactive power. The suggested Aq-SCS optimization approach is created by combining the properties of the SCSO with the AOA models. The main objective of achieving the minimal possible cost for the DSEP is verified, and the cycle continues unless the best outcome (least cost) is reached. The analysis of the suggested approach is carried out in 4 cases, such as (i) Without DG and capacitor (ii) With capacitor and no DG (iii) With DG and no capacitor (iv) With both capacitor and DG. The analysis is made in IEEE 33 bus system. The Aq-SCS approach outperforms the conservative approaches SSI-CS, WHO, AQO, and SCSO, according to the analysis conducted in MATLAB/Simulink utilizing an IEEE-33 bus system with five system states.

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