Impact of Under Voltage Load Shedding Approach for Voltage Security Control in Power Quality Environment

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Syahrul Ashikin Azmi, Ismail Musirin, Adlan Azhari Mohammad Caezar, Siti Rafidah Abdul Rahim, Muhd. Hatta Hussain, Azralmukmin Azmi, A.V. Senthil Kumar


Contingencies in power system are an ever-present problem for electrical engineers. They may cause the system to have low voltages due to active and reactive power deficiencies. Engineers shold consider the many solutions to approach this problem. The solution has to be appropriate to the contingency faced so as to be able to solve the issue without major damage to a power system. A drastic measure that can be used is by removing low voltage loads or ‘shedding’ the problematic loads. This method of Under Voltage Load Shedding is done by shedding or ‘islanding’ buses that have fallen to a predetermined minimum voltage for a predetermined time to prevent a cascade of blackouts in the widespread power system. The method to automate the process is by using two optimization techniques, Evolutionary Programming (EP) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). This paper proposes a new hybrid algorithm, named Integrated Chaotic Swarm Based-Evolutionary Programming Optimization (ICSBEP) Technique for Voltage Security Control using Under Voltage Load Shedding (UVLS) approach. Voltage security is indicated by the reduction in voltage stability index, FVSI. In this study, EP, PSO and ICSBEP optimizations algorithms were developed and tested on a IEEE 30-bus reliability test system (RTS). Comparative studies were conducted to observe the advantages of the hybrid algorithm over traditional EP and PSO algorithms. The results obtained from the study can help manage the power quality of the system in ensuring that the customer receive secure electricity supply.   

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