Hybrid Random Forest Regression and Artificial Neural Networks for Modelling and Monitoring the State of Health of Li-Ion Battery

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Komal Mohan Garse, Kedar Narayan Bairwa, Anindita Roy


Lithium-ion batteries play a significant role in modern energy storage systems for a number of applications, including renewable energy installations, electric cars, and portable devices. In order to guarantee the long-term dependability and safety of these battery packs, comprehensive modelling and monitoring approaches are required for accurate State of Health (SoH) evaluation. This research suggests an innovative strategy that combines the strengths of Random Forest Regression (RFR) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) for reliable Li-ion battery SoH modelling and monitoring. The research starts with the collection of thorough Li-ion battery data, which includes voltage, current, temperature, and cycling characteristics.  The battery dataset's nonlinear relationships are captured utilising RFR as the main modelling method. In terms of feature selection and prediction precision, RFR's ensemble of decision trees shines, making it a strong contender for modelling complex battery behaviour. The SoH prediction is then enhanced by the use of ANN, a deep learning framework renowned for its ability to extract detailed patterns from data. The characteristics of RFR are complemented by ANN's capacity to discover hidden features and nonlinear correlations, improving the overall prediction performance. The suggested hybrid approach, that combines RFR and ANN, is trained and verified utilising a diverse database acquired from  Li-ion battery sources under operational circumstances. To assess the prediction accuracy of a suggested framework measures like Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), and R-squared (R2) values are employed. The outcomes show that the hybrid RFR-ANN model works better than the individual RFR and ANN models, producing better SoH predictions. A viable solution for real-time Li-ion battery health monitoring is provided by this combination of conventional ML and deep learning approaches, which demonstrates the synergy among complexity and interpretability. This research advances battery SoH assessment and paves the way for the practical incorporation of precise monitoring systems into applications like electric vehicles, where timely and accurate SoH data is essential for maximising battery performance and extending operational lifespan.

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