Coordinated Control Strategy Based on Virtual Synchronous Generator Technology in New Energy System

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Panpan Deng


The innovative system control strategy of chemical energy-based virtual synchronous generator technology combines the principles of energy storage and virtual synchronous generator techniques to achieve stable generation and transmission of electrical energy. With the increasing integration of new energy sources into the grid, the existing grid-connected inverters utilizing direct current control struggle to effectively regulate the load fluctuations of the grid. In this paper, a mathematical model is established that includes both the energy storage system and the integration of new energy sources. By integrating optimal coordination control theory with coordinated control regulations, a coordinated control regime is developed, including the design of a damping controller. Additionally, a control strategy based on communication delay is employed to ensure active involvement of the rectifier side of the direct current transmission line at the appropriate timing. Analysis reveals that as the power of the direct current transmission line increases, the coupling between the virtual synchronous generator and direct current transmission becomes stronger within specific frequency bands, which may lead to subsynchronous oscillations and result in system instability. Compared to traditional control strategies, the proposed chemical energy-based virtual synchronous generator technology presented in this paper effectively resolves the coupling challenges within specific frequency bands, suppresses subsynchronous oscillations, exhibits improved robustness, and allows the system to more flexibly respond to complex load fluctuations and new energy source fluctuations.

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