Spatial-temporal Evolution and Driving Factors of Desertification Based on Computer Interpretation in Tarim River Basin

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Shijun Lu, Guoqing Yu, Lixiao Wang, JianHu Wang, Zengjin Liu, Kaixu Wang


The Tarim River Basin is an important life hinge in Xinjiang, which plays a vital role in maintaining ecological stability. In recent years, it is faced with challenges such as the expansion of sandy land, the decrease of precipitation and sand-dust storm, which lead to the aggravation of desertification and the contradiction between man and land. This study used remote sensing images from 2000 to 2020 to analyze desertification trends through automatic interpretation by computer, combined with NDVI(Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and FVC(Fractional Vegetation Cover) indicators. The results showed that the total area of desertification land decreased, but the area of serious desertification land increased. Precipitation, Sunshine, wind speed, air temperature, cultivated land area change, urbanization and other factors affect desertification, of which cultivated land area change, temperature change and precipitation change are the most important factors. Policies focused on preventing wind erosion have been inadequate as the economy has developed and conflicts between people and land have intensified.

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